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Edified Heritage


Valença Fortress: MN, with a 5 km perimeter of walls, it is, in its type, one of Europe’s largest and most well preserved historical fortresses, where 12 bastions and 4 shelters can be seen. Santa Maria dos Anjos Church: romanesque temple from the 13th century, preserving in its interior five retables in polychrome carving of neoclassic and baroque style. Colegiada de Santo Estevão Church: romanesque temple of the XIII, with neoclassical reconstruction, was the headquarters for the old Santo Estevão Collegiate. The episcopal chair in Gothic-Mudejar style, the panels of S. Vicente, the chairs of the former collegiate, the painting of the Virgem do Leite (the “Milk Virgin”), are unique testimonies of glorious times.  Bom Jesus Military Chapel: from the 17th century, preserves a small image of N. Sr.ª Carmo. Senhor do Encontro Chapel (18th century) and Misericórdia Chapel (16th century). Açougue Provision Room: 18th century military warehouse, rectangular shaped and surrounded by a high wall with a gate between the pillars and the Marte Provision Room: from the 18th century, building of reinforced structure for storage of explosives and/or ammunition. Coroada Doors: from the 17th century, is the main entrance to the fortification. It is a perfect fortified high back bow gate that allowed to corner the attacker inside. Roman Milestone: IIP, 1st century A.D.; marks the 42 miles between Braga and Tui. Cortinas de S. Francisco: the fortress’ coat of arms room, located to the east, close to the S. Francisco and Faro bastions. Military Governor's Palace: also sheltered Valença’s royal artillery wing. Old Domus Municipalis: 14th century, the brick vaults and arches stand out. Village Fountain: located outside the walls, is of medieval origin, renovated in the 18th century. S. Teotónio Statue: on the Coroada, in front of the Bom Jesus Military Chapel, and in honour of the first Portuguese saint, from Valença. House of the Eirado: among the oldest of the fortification. The window of Casa do Eirado is one of the first marks of the Portuguese Manueline architectural style. Toga House: located in República Square, where several 18th century houses stand out, with traditional Portuguese tile façades.


Nossa Senhora de Mosteiró Church and Convent: romanesque temple, soon to be classified, in Cerdal. Ganfei Convent: IIP, romanesque origin, underwent alterations during the 18th century. Its classification includes the cloister and architectonic elements of the enclosure. It’s located in Ganfei. Church of the Sanfins Monastery: MN, romanesque temple, in Sanfins. Quinta do Crasto Gate: IIP, 18th century gate of great dimensions, in Friestas. Pedreira Bridge: medieval construction with possible foundation of roman origin in Cerdal. Telheira Pillory: IIP, Verdoejo. Rupestrian Stone Engravings: Valença has one of the most important rock engraving nucleous in the Iberian Peninsula, with 115 engravings, located mainly in Taião, Gandra, Sanfins and Verdoejo which present the most varied motifs.

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